A Rich History of Discovery
Text contributed by Anne Rhoads, PhD, executive director, the Huyck Preserve.

Stacy A. MucNulty, David White, Mary Hufty, Paul Foster, The Organization of Biological Field Stations at Fifty, Bulletin of Ecological Society of America, 29 September, 2017.

FDR’s Conservation Legacy, National Park Service.

Donald Griffin
Donald R. Griffin. The Early History of Research on Echolocation. Animal Sonar Systems, (New York: Plenum Press, 1980), pp. 1-8.

Laura Carter. Bats, Bats, Bats, 2011.

Edward Raney
Edward C. Raney, Summer Movements of the Bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana Shaw, as Determined by Jaw-Tag Method. The American Midland Naturalist, Vol. 23, No. 3 (May, 1940), pp. 733-745.

Eugene Odum
Betty Jean Craige. Eugene Odum: Ecosystem Ecologist & Environmentalist. (Athens & London: University of Georgia Press, 2001), pp. 27-30.

Laura Carter. The Early Years of a Biological Field Station, 2017.

Charles Kendeigh
Charles Kendeigh, Birds of the Beech-Maple-Hemlock Community. Ecology, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Jul. 1946), pp. 226-245.

Edmund Niles Huyck: Founder
Francis Brown. Edmund Niles Huyck: The Story of a Liberal. (New York: Dodd, Mead & Co, 1935).

Map, adapted from People Made it Happen Here: History of the Town of Rensselaerville, ca. 1788-1950. The Rensselaerville Historical Society, Rensselaerville, NY, 1977, p. 15.

Jessie Van Antwerp Huyck
Janet Haseley, A Remarkable Woman’s Vision. The Rensselaerville Press, Fall 2001. Republished

Passenger Pigeon
Emanuel Levine, Editor. Bull’s Birds of New York State. (Ithaca, New York: Comstock Publishing, 1998), p. 67.

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., General editor. The Almanac of American History, revised edition. (New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 2004.)

William Kovarik, Cold war, 1950-59, Environmental history timeline.

Sherman Bishop
Arnold B Grobman. Sherman C. Bishop, 1887-1951. Copeia Vol. 1952, No. 3, pp. 127-128.

Illustration adapted, Sherman C. Bishop. The Life of a Harvestman. Nature, May 1950.

Kenneth Cooper
Passing of Kenneth W. and Ruth S. Cooper, Friends of Entomology Research Museum (UC, Riverside) No. 29, Winter 2008, pp. 6-7.

Illustration adapted, Kenneth W. Cooper. A Remarkable New Species and Subgenus of Chrysid Wasp from North American, with Notes on Related Forms. (Hymenoptera: Chrsididae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Vol. 78, No. 3, 4. (Sep. 1958-Dec. 1959), p. 148.

William Muchmore
William B. Muchmore. Some exotic terrestrial isopods (Isopoda: Oniscoidea) from New York State. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, Vol. 47, No. 3 (March 1957), pp. 78-83.

William B. Muchmore. Land Snails of the E.N. Huyck Preserve, New York. Nautilus, Vol. 72, (1959), pp. 85-89.

Age of Ecology
Chaffin, Tom. A Conversation with Eugene Odum: Whole-Earth Mentor, Natural History 10/98, pp. 8-13.

Worster, Donald. Nature’s Economy, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Odum, Eugene. Ecological Vignettes. Routledge, 2004.

Goldman, Ari. “Eugene Odum Dies at 88; Founded Modern Ecology,” The New York Times, August 14, 2002.

Gary W. Barrett. Eugene Pleasants Odum, September 17, 1913—August 10, 2002, Biographical Memoirs: Volume 87 (2005), pp. 316-330. National Academies Press.

Heartbeats Counted, The Science News Letter, Vol. 47, No. 7 (Feb.17, 1945), p. 101

Schlesinger, Jr., ibid.

William Kovarik, The Sixties, Environmental history timeline.

Gene Likens
Richard O’Grady. AIBS President Gene Likens Awarded National Medal of Science. BioScience, Vol.52 Issue 6, June 2002, p. 459.

J.C. Makarewicz and G.E. Likens. “Niche analysis of a zooplankton community,” Science Vol. 190, No. (1975) pp. 1000-1003.

Daniel Axelrod
Daniel I. Axelrod. Origin of Deciduous and Evergreen Habits in Temperate Forests. Evolution, Vol.20, No. 1 (March 1966) p. 10.

Bob Dalgleish
Torsten Wappler, Vincent S. Smith, and Robert C. Dalgleish, “Scratching an Ancient Itch: An Eocene Bird Louse Fossil.” Proceedings: Biological SciencesVol. 271 Supplement 5 (Aug. 7, 2004), pp. S255-S258, Fig.1a.

What is a Biological Field Station?
Richard L. Wyman, Eugene Wallensky and Mark Baine. The Activities and Importance of International Field Stations. BioScience Vol. 59, No. 7 (July/August 2009), pp. 584-592.

Special to the Highland News, “What is a biological field station?” The Sun, Oct. 12, 2018.

Thomas Eisner, For Love of Nature: Exploration and Discovery at Biological Field Stations. Bioscience, Vol. 32, No. 5 (May 1982) pp. 321-326.

Schlesinger, Jr. ibid.

William Kovarik, Seventies 1970-79, Environmental history timeline.

George Campbell Eickwort
George C. Eickwort. Gregarious Nesting of the Mason Bee Hoplitis Anthocopoides and the Evolution of Parasitism and Sociality Among Megachilid Bees, Evolution, Vol. 29, No. 1 (Mar. 1975) pp. 143-145.

Michael S. Engel and Byron A. Alexander. In Memoriam: George Campbell Eickwort (1940-1994). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, Vol. 69, No. 4, (Oct. 1996) pp. 3-4.

Tom Eisner
Eisner, K. Hicks, M. Eisner, D. Robson. “Wolf-in-Sheep’s-Clothing” Strategy of a Predaceous Insect Larva. Science Vol. 1999 (1978) pp. 790-794.

J. Smolanoff, A. F. Kluge, J. Meinwald, A. McPhail, R. W. Miller, Karen Hicks and T. Eisner. Polyzonimine: A Novel Terpenoid Insect Repellent Produced by a Millipede Science, New Series, Vol. 188, No. 4189 (May 16, 1975), pp. 734-736.

See also, Carter. The Early Years of a Biological Field Station, ibid.

Jerome Rozen
Laura Carter. The Bee Man: Jerome Rozen, 2018.

Louis Magnarelli
W. Service, Sampling the Adult Resting Population, Mosquito Ecology: Field Sampling Methods (Springer: The Netherlands, 1993) pp. 234-262.

Carter, The Early Years of a Biological Field Station, ibid.

Edmund Brodie Jr. and Edmund Brodie III
Edmund D. Brodie, Jr. Salamander Antipredator Postures. Copeia, Vol. 1977, No. 3 (Aug. 25, 1977), pp. 523-535.

Hennicke Marsh
Hennicke Marsh Dedication July 2. Myosotis Messenger, Summer 2011, p. 8.

Lake Myosotis Watershed
A Generous Gift of Land Expands Preserve, Increases Watershed Protection. Myosotis Messenger, Spring 2020.

Schlesinger, Jr. ibid.

William Kovarik, Eighties 1980-89, Environmental history timeline.

Sue Beatty
Susan Beatty. Influence of microtopography and canopy species on spatial patterns of forest understory plants. Ecology, Vol. 64, No. 5 (1984), pp. 1406-1419.

Research Spotlight: 2016 Benefit Honoree, Susan Beatty, PhD.

Joan Herbers
Joan Herbers. Nest Site Limitation and Facultative Polygyny in the Ant Leptothorax longispinosus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Vol. 19, No. 2 (1986) pp. 115-122.

Lynn Love. The “Arms Race” in an Acorn. Myosotis Messenger, Spring 2011, pp. 3-5.

Stimson Wilcox
Stimson Wilcox. Ripple Communication in aquatic and semiaquatic insects. Écoscience, Vol. 2, No. 2 (1995), pp. 109-115.

See also, Laura Carter, The Early Years of a Biological Field Station, ibid.

James Runkle
James Runkle. My 33 Years Studying the Old Hemlock Stand. Myosotis Messenger. (Fall 2010), p. 6.

James R. Runkle. Twenty-four Years of Change in an Old Tsuga Canadensis Woods Affected by Beech Bark Disease. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, Vol. 132, No. 3 (Jul.-Sept. 2005) pp. 483-491.

Vincent Schaefer
Laura Carter. Vincent J. Schaefer (July 4, 1906-July 25, 1993)

Lynn Love interview with Michaela Fisher, October 2019.

David Weininger
Laura Carter. August 5: The Birthday of David Weininger, 2017.

Schlesinger, Jr., ibid.

William Kovarik, Nineties 1990-99, Environmental history timeline.

Rick Wyman
Richard L. Wyman. What’s Happening to the Amphibians? Conservation Biology, Vol. 4, No. 4 (Dec. 1990), pp. 350-352.

Kevin Omland
Kevin E. Omland. Female Mallard Mating Preferences for Multiple Male Ornaments: I. Natural Variation. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Vol. 39, No. 6 (1996), pp. 353-360

Kevin E. Omland. Female Mallard Mating Preferences for Multiple Male Ornaments: II. Experimental Variation. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Vol. 39, No. 6 (1996), pp. 361-366.

Tom Alworth
Tom Alworth and Isabella B. R. Scheiber. Nest Building in House Wrens (Troglodytes aedon): A Reexamination of Male and Female Roles. Journal of Field Ornithology, Vol. 71, No. 3 (Summer 2000), pp. 409-414.

George Robinson
George Robinson. Forest regeneration, successional processes, and land use history.  In:  R.L. Wyman and C.J.P. Barker, eds.  Edmund Niles Huyck Preserve and Biological Research Station Combined Annual Report for 1994-1995. pp. 88-119.

Lynn Love correspondence with George Robinson, August 2020.

Invasive Species Monitoring
Huyck Preserve’s “Most Unwanted” Invasive Species for Summer 2019. Myosotis Messenger, Autumn 2019, p. 9.

James Eckberg, Eric Lee-Mäder, Jennifer Hopwood, Sarah Foltz Jordan, and Brianna Borders. Native Thistles: A Conservation Practictioner’s Guide. Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, 2017, pp. 13-21.

Schlesinger, Jr., ibid.

William Kovarik, 2000-2009, Environmental history timeline.

Susanne Foitzik and Sebastian Pohl
Sebastian Pohl  and Susanne Foitzik. Slave-making ants prefer larger, better defended host colonies. Animal Behavior (2011), pp. 1-8.

Love, ibid.

Alexandra Achenbach
Alexandra Achenbach and Susanne Foitzik. First Evidence for Slave Rebellion: Enslaved Ant Workers Systematically Kill the Brood of Their Social Parasite Protomognathus americanus. Evolution, Vol. 63, No. 4 (2008) pp. 1068-1075.

Love, ibid.

Rebecca Pinder
Rebecca A. Pinder, G.R. Robinson. Niche-structured assemblages of exotic earthworms in headwater streambanks in eastern New York State, USA. Pedobiologia, Vol. 75. (July 2019), pp. 15-23.

Citizen Science
Liz Harper. The Importance of Citizen Scientists. Loose Leaf, the Official Blog of American Forests, Nov. 5, 2018.

Dawn O’Neal. Oh Deer! Monitoring the Impact of White-Tailed Deer on Forest Regeneration. Myosotis Messenger, Autumn 2013, p. 6.

Brian P. Haggerty and Susan J. Mazer. The Phenology Handbook: A guide to phenological monitoring for students, teachers, families and nature enthusiasts. UCSB Phenology Stewardship Program, 2008.

Audubon Society’s Christmas Bird Count
Carl Zimmer. An Ecological ‘Crisis’ as 2.9 Billion Birds Vanish. The New York Times, Sept. 20, 2019, p. A1.

William Kovarik, 2010-2012, Environmental history timeline.

William Kovarik, 2013-2016, Environmental history timeline.

William Kovarik, 2017-2019, Environmental history timeline.

Dawn O’Neal
Lynn Love correspondence with Dawn O’Neal, Oct. 2019.

Radka Wildova
Lynn Love correspondence with Radka Wildova, August 2020.

Andrei Lapenas
Andrei Lapenas and George Robinson. State-of-the-Art Weather Station at Eldridge Research Center. Myosotis Messenger, Spring 2020.

Andrei Lapenas, University at Albany.

Carmen Greenwood, Roger Masse, Amy Quinn
Carmen Greenwood. Burying Beetles of the Huyck Preserve: Can the Endangered American Burying Beetle be Successfully Reintroduced to New York? Myosotis Messenger, Spring 2017, pp. 6-7.

Robyn Burnham
Robyn J. Burnham. Huyck Preserve Climbers. Myosotis Messenger. (Autumn 2010), p. 7.

Climate Change
Meera Subramanian. Anthropocene now: influential panel votes to recognize Earth’s new epoch. Nature, May 21, 2019.

Bob Henson. Iowa derecho in August was most costly thunderstorm disaster in U.S. history. The Washington Post, Oct. 17, 2020.

Jeff Masters, Ph.D. Death Valley, California, may have recorded the hottest temperature in world history. Yale Climate Connections, Monday Aug. 17, 2020.

Elizabeth Harball. Climate Change Proves a Survival Experiment for Wildlife. Scientific American, Feb. 7, 2014.

Lotte Korell, Harald Auge, Jonathan M. Chase, W. Stanley Harpole, Tiffany M. Knight. We need more realistic climate change experiments for understanding ecosystems of the future. Global Change Biology, 2019.

2020 and Beyond
Helen Regan. Air Pollution Falls by Unprecedented Levels in Major Global Cities during Coronavirus Lockdowns. CNN, April 23, 2020.